The Gospel of Matthew:
A Study of the Life and Ministry of Jesus Christ
BORN OF THE VIRGIN MARY
What is the significance of the virgin birth?
- It explains Jesus's identity (v. 18-20)
A. Jesus is fully human (v. 1, 16, 21, 25)
B. Jesus is fully divine (v. 18, 20; John 1:1)
2. It emphasizes God's Initiative (v. 21)
3. It establishes God's Integrity (v. 22-23)
Matthew quotes from Isaiah 7:14 (see context).
What Matthew does here is known as typology.
There are two main features of an OT "type":
- Correlation: the OT "type" shares similarities and parallels with a NT "antitype" (fulfillment)
- Escalation: the NT "antitype" is greater in significance and importance
James Hamilton: “…typological interpretation sees in biblical narratives a divinely intended pattern of events. Events that take place at later points in salvation history correspond to these and intensify their significance.”
*See the accompanying chart in your bulletin that shows the parallels between Isaiah 7 and Matthew 1.
- It embodies God's Immanence (v. 23b-25)
God is both "transcendent" (distinct from His creation and independent of His creatures) and "immanent" (intimately involved with His creation and covenantally present with His creatures).
Jesus is Immanuel which means "God with us." He is the embodiment of God's presence.
Big Idea: The virgin birth is important because it explains Jesus's identity as the God-Man, it emphasizes God's initiative as the sovereign Savior of His people, it establishes His integrity as the promise-keeper, and it embodies His immanence and shows Him to be for and with us in Christ.
Topics: Born of the Virgin Mary